Herbal Medicine…

TO THERAPEUTIC ACTION of herbs comprised in the Cyclopaedia

  1. ALTERATIVES: Medicines which gradually alter and correct a poisoned condition of the blood stream and restore healthier functioning.—Blue Flag, Burdock, Celandine, Fringe-tree, Golden Seal, Plantain, Poke Root, Red Clover, Sarsaparilla, Soapwort, Spikenard, Water Dock.
  2. ANTHELMINTICS: Remedies for worms, including those agents which kill worms (vermicides) without necessarily causing their evacuation, and those which expel them from the bowels, known as vermifuges. The term taenicide also denotes a worm destroyer.—Balmony, Pink Root, Tansy, Wormwood .
  3. ANTISEPTICS: Resist or counteract putrefaction: Barberry, Violet, Southernwood.
  4. ANTISPASMODICS: Reduce or prevent excessive involuntary muscular contractions.—Black Cohosh, Black Haw, Chamomile, Cowslip, Cramp Bark, Grindelia, Ladies’ Slipper, Lobelia, Mistletoe, OxEye Daisy, Pulsatilla, Scullcap, Sundew, Valerian .
  5. APHRODISIACS: Tonics relating particularly to the sexual organs.—Damiana .

    ASTRINGENTS: Promote greater density and firmness of tissue, as opposed to laxatives.—Agrimony, Avens, Bayberry, Bistort, Burr Marigold, Cinquefoil, Cranes-bill, Cudweed, Ground Ivy, Periwinkle, Pilewort, Red Sage, Sanicle, Witch Hazel, Wood Betony.

  6. CARMINATIVES: Are for the dispersal of wind in stomach and bowels, and counteract griping tendencies of certain laxatives.—Angelica, Balm, Cardamoms, Catnep, Cloves, Dill, Fennel, Melilot, Peppermint, Wild Ginger.
  7. CATHARTICS : Promote bowel evacuation, and may be divided into: (a) Laxatives, which induce gentle bowel movement; and (6) Purgatives, producing copious, repeated, and more watery evacuations
  8. DEMULCENTS: Soothe, soften and allay irritation of mucous membranes.—Blue Mallow, Bugloss, Chick-weed, Comfrey, Devil’s Bit, Iceland Moss, Liquorice, Marshmallow, Mullein, Slippery Elm, Solomon’s Seal .
  9. DIAPHORETICS: Induce increased perspiration.—Angelica, Balm, Boneset, Heartsease, Marigold, Pennyroyal, Prickly Ash, Ragwort, Wood Sage, Yarrow.
  10. DIURETICS: Enhance the secretion of urine.—Broom, Buchu, Celery, Clivers, Eryngo, ravel Root, Juniper, Parsley Piert, Pellitory-ofthe-Wall, Shepherd’s Purse, Wild Carrot.
  11. EMETICS: Bring about the evacuation of stomach contents by vomiting.—Bitter Root, Lobelia, Vervain .
  12. EMMENAGOGUES: Provoke and .enhance the menstrual flow.—Black Cohosh, Mugwort, Pennyroyal, Southernwood, Wood Sage.
  13. EMOLLIENTS: Soften, make supple, and counteract dryness and harshness of internal and external surfaces. —Liquorice, Marshmallow, Melilot, Slippery Elm.
  14. EXPECTORANTS: Assist, by their influence on the respiratory passages, the increased secretion and ejection of mucus.—Coltsfoot, Elecampane, Horehound, Black Horehound, Lobelia, Mouse-ear. Mullein, Pleurisy Root, Squill, Sundew, Yerba Santa.
  15. FEBRIFUGES: Reduce excessive temperature in fevers by enhancing evaporation of perspiration. Also known as refrigerants, they are closely akin to diaphoretics and sudorifics (q.v.).—Balm, Boneset, Catnep, Devil’s Bit, Elder, Purple Loose-strife.
  16. HEPATICS: Influence the liver, causing an increased flow of bile.—Chicory, Toad Flax, Woodruff.
  17. LAXATIVES: Gently loosen the bowels.—Cascara Sagrada, Dandelion, Feverfew, Golden Seal, Mountain Flax, Psyllium, Senna, Turkey Rhubarb.
  18. NERVINES: Relieve nervous irritation and pain.—Black Haw, Bugleweed, Mistletoe, Scullcap, Valerian.
  19. NUTRITIVES: Assist assimilation, nourish and build tissue.—Iceland Moss, Slippery Elm.
  20. STIMULANTS: Produce increased nervous sensibility, with consequent improved functional action.— Adonis, Bay-berry, Blood Root, Butterbur,. Cayenne, Cloves, Horseradish, Pennyroyal, Peppermint, Prickly Ash, Sassafras, Wild Ginger.
  21. STOMACHICS: Stimulant medicines which act specifically upon the stomach.— Avens, Centaury, Chamomile, Golden Seal, Turkey Rhubarb….
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